Clean vs. Dirty: knowing how to do the right thing in urban redevelopment
January 20, 2015
What is Urban Fill?
There are numerous Federal, State, and local definitions for urban or historic fill depending on the property location and regulatory program governing the site.
The USDA’s Natural Resource Conservation Service (NRCS), which is responsible for classifying and mapping US soils, states that soils in urban areas can be divided into two general types: “natural soils,” which formed in material naturally deposited or weathered from the underlying bedrock, and “anthropogenic soils,” (i.e., man-made), which formed in human-deposited material or fill. The NRCS cites the following examples of fill material in urban soils:
Natural soil materials that have been moved around by humans
Materials dredged from waterways
Municipal solid waste
A combination of any or all of the above
The NRCS does not comment on specific contaminants in urban soil; however, it is important to recognize that “debris” may also include materials from demolition of fire damaged structures. Similar to coal ash and other kinds of ash, these types of materials typically include polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), which are semi-volatile organic compounds that are the product of incomplete combustion. Although specific contaminants are subsequently discussed in more detail in this paper, this is noteworthy since all of the following definitions reference ash and/or PAHs (also sometimes referred to as polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons).
When COVID-19 exploded in the US, businesses had no time to plan and protect. Instead, organizations had little choice but to react. Some businesses were shuttered, employees sent home, and if companies were fortunate, they were able to implement remote operations.
In some cases, companies were able
Rising premiums. Disappearing capacity. Tighter contract terms. This is the new reality for risk managers as they renew their property insurance programs. Brokers are reporting premium increases of more than 50 percent for many insureds.
The property/casualty insurance market is cyclical. A period
Property Perspective: Surviving my first 'hard' insurance market
June 04, 2020
Anthony Forester has nearly 15 years of insurance industry experience under his belt. This is the first time, however, that he’s found himself on the frontline of a firming insurance market. That’s because Tony spent his first dozen years as a property risk engineer, both providing unbundled loss prevention