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1. Eliminate liability illiteracy

Make sure all employees learn how everyday business practices affect your exposure to risk. All must understand that claims not only arise from technical mistakes but from non-technical issues such as client selection, contracts, project team selection and communication issues.  Make sure your employee training and risk management programs support your commitment to quality and address these critical practice management issues.

2. Select project and clients carefully

Certain projects (such as condominiums) and certain clients (such as developers) are higher risks than others. Check into the client’s track record and finances before accepting any assignment. Don’t accept projects that do not provide adequate fees for your services, that restrict your scope of services to an unacceptable level or that are outside of your firm’s area of expertise.

3. Set realistic expectations

Make sure the client understands that error-free projects simply don’t exist. Discuss potential problem areas and changes that may be needed. Strive for a commitment from the owner and the contractor to identify and address the inevitable problems at the earliest opportunity and to work together to achieve win-win resolutions.

4. Always have a written contract

A fair, well-defined professional services agree-ment that precisely states the intent of both parties helps prevent misunderstandings and has terms easily understood by a mediator, judge or jury. This alone may discourage a plaintiff from asserting an otherwise marginal claim.

5. Offer comprehensive design services

A full scope of services that includes construction observation provides the design professional with the best opportunity to ensure a quality, claim-free project. You should also list in your contract those services you have explained and offered to the client, but that the client has declined.

6. Implement dispute resolution provisions in contracts

Make every effort to avoid litigation. Commit to a program of early problem identification and resolution. Agree that conflicts be resolved fairly, quickly and inexpensively through mediation and other alternative dispute resolution techniques.

7. Refuse to accept unlimited liability for your services

Work for a limitation of liability (LoL) clause in your contracts that makes the amount of liability you assume proportionate to your ability to control risk.

8. Identify “deal-breakers”

Some risks are so significant that you cannot possibly accept them. Let clients know that they must retain the liability for such risks (through indemnities) if you are to provide services.

9. Know the warning signs

During the course of a project, there are certain signs that should alert you that a claim may be forthcoming. Recognize and react appropriately to communication breakdowns, accusations, finger pointing, significant overruns on the budget or costs, work stoppage, and being excluded from important meetings.

10.  Select the right insurance program

By selecting the right insurance program, your firm gains a partner that focuses on the many risk management issues in your practice. Carefully consider the sleep-at-night benefits you expect from your professional liability insurance carrier - strong financial ratings, broad coverage, relevant loss prevention education programs, and the proven technical expertise to resolve an incident or claim to your advantage quickly and efficiently.


XL Group’s Design Professional team provides a complete program of innovative coverage options and risk and practice management solutions that can help protect your company’s reputation and reduce your business risks and insurance costs.  In the US, please call 800-227-8533, x 2102508. You may also visit online at for the name of the independent specialist agent or broker in your area.

The information contained herein is intended for informational purposes only and does not constitute legal advice. For legal advice, seek the services of a competent attorney. Any descriptions of insurance provisions are general overviews only. XL Group is the global brand used by XL Group Ltd’s insurance subsidiaries. In the US, coverages  are underwritten by the following XL Group  Ltd insurance companies: Greenwich Insurance Company, Indian Harbor Insurance Company, and XL Specialty Insurance Company, Coverages not available in all jurisdictions. Information accurate as of June 2014.




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Global Asset Protection Services, LLC, and its affiliates (“AXA XL Risk Consulting”) provides risk assessment reports and other loss prevention services, as requested. This document shall not be construed as indicating the existence or availability under any policy of coverage for any particular type of loss or damage. AXA XL Risk. We specifically disclaim any warranty or representation that compliance with any advice or recommendation in any publication will make a facility or operation safe or healthful, or put it in compliance with any standard, code, law, rule or regulation. Save where expressly agreed in writing, AXA XL Risk Consulting and its related and affiliated companies disclaim all liability for loss or damage suffered by any party arising out of or in connection with this publication, including indirect or consequential loss or damage, howsoever arising. Any party who chooses to rely in any way on the contents of this document does so at their own risk.

US- and Canada-Issued Insurance Policies

In the US, the AXA XL insurance companies are: AXA Insurance Company, Catlin Insurance Company, Inc., Greenwich Insurance Company, Indian Harbor Insurance Company, XL Insurance America, Inc., XL Specialty Insurance Company and T.H.E. Insurance Company. In Canada, coverages are underwritten by XL Specialty Insurance Company - Canadian Branch and AXA Insurance Company - Canadian branch. Coverages may also be underwritten by Lloyd’s Syndicate #2003. Coverages underwritten by Lloyd’s Syndicate #2003 are placed on behalf of the member of Syndicate #2003 by Catlin Canada Inc. Lloyd’s ratings are independent of AXA XL.
US domiciled insurance policies can be written by the following AXA XL surplus lines insurers: XL Catlin Insurance Company UK Limited, Syndicates managed by Catlin Underwriting Agencies Limited and Indian Harbor Insurance Company. Enquires from US residents should be directed to a local insurance agent or broker permitted to write business in the relevant state.